• Jabreen Castle surrounded by palm trees

Nizwa, Bahla, and Jabreen Forts offer visitors a captivating journey through Oman's rich history and architectural legacy.

Nizwa Fort, Oman’s most visited national monument, showcases 17th-century Omani architecture with its iconic round tower, and provides stunning views of the surrounding date plantations. The fort was initially constructed by Imam Al Sult bin Malik Al Kharusi and underwent significant renovations under the rule of Imam Sultan bin Saif Al Yarubi in the 17th century. Built atop an underground stream, the fort took around 12 years to complete and played a crucial role in defending Nizwa’s abundant resources and strategic location against invading forces.
Bahla Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is believed to have been built between the 12th and 15th centuries by the Banu Nebhan tribe. The fort served as a center for the tribe’s control over the lucrative frankincense trade. The fort’s construction features mud-brick and stone materials, showcasing traditional Omani architecture. Today it houses a traditional souq where visitors can purchase pottery, handicrafts, and spices.

Lastly, Jabreen Castle, built in 1670 as the summer palace of the ruling Iman, is the most well-preserved of the three, and showcases exquisite Omani architecture and provides insight into the country’s cultural heritage. The castle now houses a museum, as well as a Sun and Moon chamber, said to be blessed with magical powers. A visit to these forts offers an unforgettable experience, revealing the beauty and complexity of Oman’s past.

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